This paper describes AnTon, the first animatronic model of a human tongue and vocal tract which is being developed using biomimetic design principles. The present model consists of movable tongue and jaw models that are connected to a fixed hyoid bone and a skull. AnTon's ability to reproduce speech gestures has been investigated using MRI scans of human subjects producing standard vowels. In the future, the animatronic vocal tract will be used to study the relation between speech variation and energy investment, specifically in the context of the Lombard reflex.
Bibliographic reference. Hofe, Robin / Moore, Roger K. (2008): "Anton: an animatronic model of a human tongue and vocal tract", In INTERSPEECH-2008, 2647-2650.