We present a feature extraction technique based on static and dynamic modulation spectrum derived from long-term envelopes in sub-bands. Estimation of the sub-band temporal envelopes is done using Frequency Domain Linear Prediction (FDLP). These sub-band envelopes are compressed with a static (logarithmic) and dynamic (adaptive loops) compression. The compressed sub-band envelopes are transformed into modulation spectral components which are used as features for speech recognition. Experiments are performed on a phoneme recognition task using a hybrid HMM-ANN phoneme recognition system and an ASR task using the TANDEM speech recognition system. The proposed features provide a relative improvements of 3.8% and 11.5% in phoneme recognition accuracies for TIMIT and conversation telephone speech (CTS) respectively. Further, these improvements are found to be consistent for ASR tasks on OGI-Digits database (relative improvement of 13.5%).
Bibliographic reference. Ganapathy, Sriram / Thomas, Samuel / Hermansky, Hynek (2009): "Static and dynamic modulation spectrum for speech recognition", In INTERSPEECH-2009, 2823-2826.