We describe an algorithm that performs regularized non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) to find independent components in non- negative data. Previous techniques proposed for this purpose require the data to be grounded, with support that goes down to 0 along each dimension. In our work, this requirement is eliminated. Based on it, we present a technique to find a low-dimensional decomposition of spectrograms by casting it as a problem of discovering independent non-negative components from it. The algorithm itself is implemented as regularized non-negative matrix factorization (NMF). Unlike other ICA algorithms, this algorithm computes the mixing matrix rather than an unmixing matrix. This algorithm provides a better decomposition than standard NMF when the underlying sources are independent. It makes better use of additional observation streams than previous nonnegative ICA algorithms.
Bibliographic reference. Raj, Bhiksha / Wilson, Kevin W. / Krueger, Alexander / Haeb-Umbach, Reinhold (2010): "Ungrounded independent non-negative factor analysis", In INTERSPEECH-2010, 330-333.