This paper describes a novel approach to phonotactic LID, where instead of using soft-counts based on phoneme lattices, we use posteriogram to obtain n-gram counts. The high-dimensional vectors of counts are reduced to low-dimensional units for which we adapted the commonly used term i-vectors. The reduction is based on multinomial subspace modeling and is designed to work in the total-variability space. The proposed technique was tested on the NIST 2009 LRE set with better results to a system based on using soft-counts (Cavg on 30s: 3.15% vs 3.43%), and with very good results when fused with an acoustic i-vector LID system (Cavg on 30s acoustic 2.4% vs 1.25%). The proposed technique is also compared with another low dimensional projection system based on PCA. In comparison with the original soft-counts, the proposed technique provides better results, reduces the problems due to sparse counts, and avoids the process of using pruning techniques when creating the lattices.
Index Terms: subspace modeling, multinomial distributions, LID
Bibliographic reference. D'Haro, Luis Fernando / Glembek, Ondřej / Plchot, Oldřich / Matějka, Pavel / Soufifar, Mehdi / Cordoba, Ricardo / Černocký, Jan (2012): "Phonotactic language recognition using ivvectors and phoneme posteriogram counts", In INTERSPEECH-2012, 42-45.