Depression is an affective disorder characterised by psychomotor retardation; in speech, this shows up in reduction of pitch (variation, range), loudness, and tempo, and in voice qualities different from those of typical modal speech. A similar reduction can be observed in sleepy speech (relaxation). In this paper, we employ a small group of acoustic features modelling prosody and spectrum that have been proven successful in the modelling of sleepy speech, enriched with voice quality features, for the modelling of depressed speech within a regression approach. This knowledge-based approach is complemented by and compared with brute-forcing and automatic feature selection. We further discuss gender differences and the contributions of (groups of) features both for the modelling of depression and across depression and sleepiness.
Bibliographic reference. Hönig, Florian / Batliner, Anton / Nöth, Elmar / Schnieder, Sebastian / Krajewski, Jarek (2014): "Automatic modelling of depressed speech: relevant features and relevance of gender", In INTERSPEECH-2014, 1248-1252.