15th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association

September 14-18, 2014

A Measure of Phase Randomness for the Harmonic Model in Speech Synthesis

Gilles Degottex (1), Daniel Erro (2)

(1) University of Crete, Greece
(2) Universidad del País Vasco, Spain

Modern statistical speech processing frameworks require the speech signals to be translated into feature vectors by means of vocoders. While features representing the amplitude envelope already exist (e.g. MFCC, LSF), parametrizing the phase information is far from straightforward, not only because it is a circular data, but also because it shows an irregular behaviour in noisy time-frequency regions. Thus, many vocoders reconstruct speech by using minimum phases and random phases, relying on a previous voicing decision. In this paper, a phase feature is suggested to represent the randomness of the phase across the full time-frequency plan, in both voiced and unvoiced segments, without voicing decision. Resynthesis experiments show that, when integrated into a full-band harmonic vocoder, the suggested randomization feature is slightly better, on average, to STRAIGHT's aperiodicity. In HMM-based synthesis, the results show that the suggested vocoder reduces the complexity of the analysis and statistical modelling by removing the voicing decision, while keeping the perceived quality.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Degottex, Gilles / Erro, Daniel (2014): "A measure of phase randomness for the harmonic model in speech synthesis", In INTERSPEECH-2014, 1638-1642.