Modulation spectrum processing of acoustic features has received considerable attention in the area of robust speech recognition because of its relative simplicity and good empirical performance. An emerging school of thought is to conduct nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) on the modulation spectrum domain so as to distill intrinsic and noise-invariant temporal structure characteristics of acoustic features for better robustness. This paper presents a continuation of this general line of research and its main contribution is two-fold. One is to explore the notion of sparsity for NMF so as to ensure the derived basis vectors have sparser and more localized representations of the modulation spectra. The other is to investigate a novel cluster-based NMF processing, in which speech utterances belonging to different clusters will have their own set of cluster-specific basis vectors. As such, the speech utterances can retain more discriminative information in the NMF processed modulation spectra. All experiments were conducted on the Aurora-2 corpus and task. Empirical evidence reveals that our methods can offer substantial improvements over the baseline NMF method and achieve performance competitive to or better than several widely-used robustness methods.
Bibliographic reference. Kao, Yu-Chen / Wang, Yi-Ting / Chen, Berlin (2014): "Effective modulation spectrum factorization for robust speech recognition", In INTERSPEECH-2014, 2724-2728.