15th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association

September 14-18, 2014

Speech Enhancement by Low-Rank and Convolutive Dictionary Spectrogram Decomposition

Zhuo Chen, Brian McFee, Daniel P. W. Ellis

Columbia University, USA

A successful speech enhancement system requires strong models for both speech and noise to decompose a mixture into the most likely combination. However, if the noise encountered differs significantly from the system's assumptions, performance will suffer. In previous work, we proposed a speech enhancement framework based on decomposing the noisy spectrogram into low rank background noise and a sparse activation of pre-learned templates, which requires few assumptions about the noise and showed promising results. However, when the noise is highly non-stationary or has large amplitude, the local SNR of the noisy speech can change drastically, resulting in less accurate decompositions between foreground speech and background noise. In this work, we extend the previous model by changing the modeling of the speech part to be the convolution of a sparse activation and pre-learned template patches, which enforces continuous structure within the speech and leads to better results in highly corrupted noisy mixtures.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Chen, Zhuo / McFee, Brian / Ellis, Daniel P. W. (2014): "Speech enhancement by low-rank and convolutive dictionary spectrogram decomposition", In INTERSPEECH-2014, 2833-2837.