16th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association

Dresden, Germany
September 6-10, 2015

Homophonous Phonotactic and Morphonotactic Consonant Clusters in Word-Final Position

Hannah Leykum, Sylvia Moosmüller, Wolfgang U. Dressler

Austrian Academy of Sciences, Austria

Morphonotactic clusters are defined as combinations of phonemes across morpheme boundaries. As they are cognitively processed faster and acquired earlier than phonotactic clusters, it is hypothesised that in speech production, morphonotactic clusters are more robust and highlighted than phonotactic clusters.
    The aim of this study was to compare homophonous phonotactic and morphonotactic consonant clusters. Homophonous target words produced in semi-spontaneous speech of 16 Standard Austrian German speakers were analysed.
    Word-final morphonotactic and phonotactic consonant clusters were analysed with respect to relative duration and intensity of both the clusters and the cluster-final /t/. Additionally, closure duration of the final-/t/ and the intensity of the burst were measured.
    Contrary to the assumption, a global comparison of the clusters revealed no difference in the relative duration of morphonotactic clusters as compared to the phonotactic counterparts. Likewise, concerning the word-final /t/ no differences between phonotactic and morphonotactic clusters occurred. Unexpectedly, gender- and age-specific differences arose, independent of the phonotactic / morphonotactic distinction of the clusters.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Leykum, Hannah / Moosmüller, Sylvia / Dressler, Wolfgang U. (2015): "Homophonous phonotactic and morphonotactic consonant clusters in word-final position", In INTERSPEECH-2015, 1685-1689.