ISCA Archive Interspeech 2021
ISCA Archive Interspeech 2021

ASR Posterior-Based Loss for Multi-Task End-to-End Speech Translation

Yuka Ko, Katsuhito Sudoh, Sakriani Sakti, Satoshi Nakamura

End-to-end speech translation (ST) translates source language speech directly into target language without an intermediate automatic speech recognition (ASR) output, as in a cascading approach. End-to-end ST has the advantage of avoiding error propagation from the intermediate ASR results, but its performance still lags behind the cascading approach. A recent effort to increase performance is multi-task learning using an auxiliary task of ASR. However, previous multi-task learning for end-to-end ST using cross entropy (CE) loss in ASR-task targets one-hot references and does not consider ASR confusion. In this study, we propose a novel end-to-end ST training method using ASR loss against ASR posterior distributions given by a pre-trained model, which we call ASR posterior-based loss. The proposed method is expected to consider possible ASR confusion due to competing hypotheses with similar pronunciations. The proposed method demonstrated better BLEU results in our Fisher Spanish-to-English translation experiments than the baseline with standard CE loss with label smoothing.


doi: 10.21437/Interspeech.2021-1105

Cite as: Ko, Y., Sudoh, K., Sakti, S., Nakamura, S. (2021) ASR Posterior-Based Loss for Multi-Task End-to-End Speech Translation. Proc. Interspeech 2021, 2272-2276, doi: 10.21437/Interspeech.2021-1105

@inproceedings{ko21_interspeech,
  author={Yuka Ko and Katsuhito Sudoh and Sakriani Sakti and Satoshi Nakamura},
  title={{ASR Posterior-Based Loss for Multi-Task End-to-End Speech Translation}},
  year=2021,
  booktitle={Proc. Interspeech 2021},
  pages={2272--2276},
  doi={10.21437/Interspeech.2021-1105}
}