ISCA Archive MIST 1999
ISCA Archive MIST 1999

Multilingual vocabularies in automatic speech recognition

Giorgio Micca, Enrico Palme, Alessandra Frasca

The paper describes a method for dealing with multilingual vocabularies in speech recognition tasks. We present an approach that combines acoustic descriptive precision and capability of generalization to multiple languages. The approach is based on the concept of classes of transitions between phones. The classes are defined by means of objective measures on acoustic similarities among sounds of different languages. This procedure stems from the definition of a general language-independent model. When a new language is to be added to the model, the phonological structure of the language is mapped onto the set of classes belonging to the general model. Successively, if a limited amount of language-specific speech data becomes available for the new language, we identify those sounds which require the definition of additional classes. The experiments have been conducted in Italian, English and Spanish languages. The method can also be considered as a way of implementing cross-lingual porting of recognition models for a rapid prototyping of recognizers in a new target language, specifically in cases whereby the collection of large training databases would be economically infeasible.

Cite as: Micca, G., Palme, E., Frasca, A. (1999) Multilingual vocabularies in automatic speech recognition. Proc. Multi-Lingual Interoperability in Speech Technology, 43-46

  author={Giorgio Micca and Enrico Palme and Alessandra Frasca},
  title={{Multilingual vocabularies in automatic speech recognition}},
  booktitle={Proc. Multi-Lingual Interoperability in Speech Technology},