Fourth International Workshop on Spoken Language Technologies for Under-Resourced Languages (SLTU-2014)
St. Petersburg, Russia
Luxembourgish, embedded in a multilingual context on the divide between Romance and Germanic cultures, remains one of Europes under-described languages. In this paper, we propose to study acoustic similarities between Luxembourgish and major contact languages (German, French, English) with the help of automatic speech alignment and recognition systems. Experiments were run using monolingual acoustic models trained on German, French and English together with (i) multilingual models trained on pooled speech data from these three languages, or with (ii) native Luxembourgish acoustic models from 1200 hours of untranscribed Luxembourgish audio data using unsupervised methods. We investigated whether Luxembourgish was globally better represented by one of the individual languages, by the multilingual model or by the native (unsupervised) model. While German provides globally the best acoustic match for native Luxembourgish, detailed analyses reveal language-specific preferences, in particular English and Luxembourgish models are preferred on diphthongs. The first ASR results illustrate the accuracy of the various sets of supervised monolingual and multilingual models versus unsupervised Luxembourgish acoustic models. The ASR word error rate is progressively reduced from 60 to 25% on the development data set by unsupervised training of larger context-dependent models on increasing anounts of audio data.
Index Terms: under-resourced languages, languages in contact, Luxembourgish, language similarity, acoustic modeling, multilingual models, large vocabulary speech recognition, forced alignment, unsupervised training.
Bibliographic reference. Adda-Decker, Martine / Lamel, Lori / Adda, Gilles (2014): "Speech alignment and recognition experiments for Luxembourgish", In SLTU-2014, 53-60.