ISCA Archive SpeechProsody 2008
ISCA Archive SpeechProsody 2008

Deaccenting, MAXIMIZE PRESUPPOSITION and evidential scale

Yurie Hara, Shigeto Kawahara

Some studies have assumed that prosodic patterns of sentences are exclusively determined by the rules of accented expressions, with deaccenting of non-focused elements playing little or no role [1, 2]. However,many researchers have also recognized the importance of deaccenting rules [3, 4, 5, 6, 7]. This paper documents two intonational patterns of Japanese biased questions, "Rise with Accents" and "Rise with Deaccentuation", used by young speakers of the Tokyo dialect for Japanese biased questions. We argue that Japanese data furthers the deaccenting-as-rule view. Specifically, deaccentuation in biased questions has recently gained a grammaticalized status, and now gives rise to a Givenness presupposition. Moreover, the presuppositions of Bias and Givenness form a scale, i.e., Given vs. Bias, which interacts with MAXIMIZE PRESUPPOSITION [8]. Our proposal also naturally extends to the evidential hierarchy proposed in the literature.

s Rooth, M.: Association with Focus. PhD thesis, University of Massachusetts at Amherst (1985) Rooth, M.: Indefinites, adverbs of quantification and focus semantics. In Carlson, G.N., Pelletier, F.J., eds.: The Generic Book. Chicago University Press, Chicago (1995) Ladd, R.D.: The structure of intonational meaning: Evidence from English. Indiana University Press, Bloomington (1980) Brown, G.: Prosodic structure and the given/new distinction. In Cutler, Ladd, eds.: Prosody: Models and Measurements. Springer Verlag (1983) Selkirk, E.O.: Sentence prosody: Intonation, stress, and phrasing. In Goldsmith, J.A., ed.: The Handbook of Phonology. Blackwell, London (1995) Terken, J., Hirschberg, J.: Deaccentuation of words representing ’given’ information: Effects of persistence of grammatical role and surface position. Language and Speech 37 (1994) 125-145 Schwarzschild, R.: GIVENness, AVOIDF and other constraints on the placement of accent. Natural Language Semantics 7 (1999) 141-177 Heim, I.: Artikel und definitheit. In von Stechow, A., Wunderlich, D., eds.: Semantik. de Gruyter, Berlin (1991) 487-536

Cite as: Hara, Y., Kawahara, S. (2008) Deaccenting, MAXIMIZE PRESUPPOSITION and evidential scale. Proc. Speech Prosody 2008, 509-512

  author={Yurie Hara and Shigeto Kawahara},
  title={{Deaccenting, MAXIMIZE PRESUPPOSITION and evidential scale}},
  booktitle={Proc. Speech Prosody 2008},