ISCA Archive SpeechProsody 2016
ISCA Archive SpeechProsody 2016

Individual differences in top-down and bottom-up prominence perception

Jason Bishop

The perception of prosody, like other aspects of speech perception, relies on a combination of bottom-up and top-down information. In the context of prominence perception, the present study explored the interaction of these two types of cues, and individual variation in their effects on listeners. In a “naïve prosody transcription” task, 120 listeners gave prominence ratings to verbs and objects in simple English SVO sentences. First, a known top-down cue to perceived prominence was manipulated: the information structure (focus) status of the verb. Second, a known bottom-up cue to perceived prominence was manipulated: the phonetic duration of the verb. Results showed that both the top-down and bottom-up cues influenced perceived prominence in the expected way, but did not interact. However, both types of cues were found to be modulated by systematic cross-listener variation in cognitive processing style, as estimated by two measures believed to be related to “pragmatic skill”.


doi: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2016-137

Cite as: Bishop, J. (2016) Individual differences in top-down and bottom-up prominence perception. Proc. Speech Prosody 2016, 668-672, doi: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2016-137

@inproceedings{bishop16_speechprosody,
  author={Jason Bishop},
  title={{Individual differences in top-down and bottom-up prominence perception}},
  year=2016,
  booktitle={Proc. Speech Prosody 2016},
  pages={668--672},
  doi={10.21437/SpeechProsody.2016-137}
}