ISCA Archive SpeechProsody 2016
ISCA Archive SpeechProsody 2016

The interaction of lexical tone and phrase-level intonation in Limbum

Siri Gjersøe, Jude Nformi, Ludger Paschen

This paper presents results of an acoustic study of tone in Limbum, a Grassfields language of Cameroon. Our main claim is that Limbum has a final low boundary tone (L%) that appears in phrase-final position in assertive sentences and wh-questions, but not in polar questions. We present evidence that this boundary tone can have three different phonetic manifestations in Limbum: (i) lowering of low level tones, (ii) the emergence of falling contour tones, and (iii) breathy voice. As there is a strong correlation between the presence of L% and falling tones, we propose that these contour tones are in fact the result of a single tone combining with a low boundary tone. We thus challenge previous accounts assuming underlying contours that are simplified in pre-pausal position. The findings give rise to the question of how the contrast of stable level vs. alternating level/contour tones before a boundary is represented in the phonology.


doi: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2016-23

Cite as: Gjersøe, S., Nformi, J., Paschen, L. (2016) The interaction of lexical tone and phrase-level intonation in Limbum. Proc. Speech Prosody 2016, 109-113, doi: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2016-23

@inproceedings{gjerse16_speechprosody,
  author={Siri Gjersøe and Jude Nformi and Ludger Paschen},
  title={{The interaction of lexical tone and phrase-level intonation in Limbum}},
  year=2016,
  booktitle={Proc. Speech Prosody 2016},
  pages={109--113},
  doi={10.21437/SpeechProsody.2016-23}
}