ISCA Archive SpeechProsody 2016
ISCA Archive SpeechProsody 2016

Prosody as a means to express tense in the Kaingang language

Márcia Nascimento, Marcus Maia, Leticia Rebollo-Couto

This study describes a prosodic process which is used in the Brazilian Indigenous language Kaingang (Je family, Macro-Je stock) to distinguish tense in a specific verb class which ends by consonant segments. Prosody distinguishes past and future in that verb class, both in declarative and in interrogative sentences. A psycholinguistic experiment and acoustic analysis demonstrate that the Kaingang language, considered as an accented language in the current literature, displays grammatical tone as a morphological feature, in addition to a set of particles and morphemes. A rising contour of the fundamental frequency indicates future tense whereas a falling contour indicates past tense.


doi: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2016-67

Cite as: Nascimento, M., Maia, M., Rebollo-Couto, L. (2016) Prosody as a means to express tense in the Kaingang language. Proc. Speech Prosody 2016, 326-329, doi: 10.21437/SpeechProsody.2016-67

@inproceedings{nascimento16_speechprosody,
  author={Márcia Nascimento and Marcus Maia and Leticia Rebollo-Couto},
  title={{Prosody as a means to express tense in the Kaingang language}},
  year=2016,
  booktitle={Proc. Speech Prosody 2016},
  pages={326--329},
  doi={10.21437/SpeechProsody.2016-67}
}