Eighth ISCA Workshop on Speech Synthesis
Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
While speech synthesis based on Hidden Markov Models (HMMs) has been developed to successfully synthesize stable and intelligible speech with flexibility and small footprints in recent years, HMM-based method is still incapable to generate the speech with good quality and high naturalness. In this study, a hybrid method combining the unit-selection and HMM-based methods is proposed to compensate the residuals between the feature vectors of the natural phone units and the HMM-synthesized phone units to select better units and improve the naturalness of the synthesized speech. Articulatory features are adopted to cluster the phone units with similar articulation to construct the residual models of phone clusters. One residual model is characterized for each phone cluster using state-level linear regression. The candidate phone units of the natural corpus are selected by considering the compensated synthesized phone units of the same phone cluster, and then an optimal phone sequence is decided by the spectral features, contextual articulatory features, and pitch values to generate the synthesized speech with better naturalness. Objective and subjective evaluations were conducted and the comparison results to the HMM-based method and the conventional hybrid-based method confirm the improved performance of the proposed method. Index Terms: Articulatory Feature, HMM-based TTS, Hybrid method, Residual Model, Unit Selection
Bibliographic reference. Huang, Yi-Chin / Wu, Chung-Hsien / Lin, Shih-Lun (2013): "Residual compensation based on articulatory feature-based phone clustering for hybrid Mandarin speech synthesis", In SSW8, 303-307.