ISCA Archive VOQUAL 2003
ISCA Archive VOQUAL 2003

Amplitude-Based Source Parameters for Measuring Voice Quality

Christer Gobl, Ailbhe Ní Chasaide

This paper explores amplitude-based measures of the glottal flow signal, as it has been suggested that they may provide a more robust method for analysing voice quality than the more typical time-based ones. Centred around an analysis of some samples from the VOQUAL’03 Speech database 2 of Japanese spontaneous speech, this paper (i) presents a discussion of whether a single global source parameter, such as the effective pulse declination time (which can be calculated from two amplitudes) or the T0-normalised equivalent, is likely to capture the tense-lax dimension of voice quality differentiation, across tokens exhibiting large f0 differences; (ii) presents formulations for an extended set of amplitude-based source parameters, to provide a richer coverage of voice source variation, and (iii) compares results for the amplitude vs. time-based measures. Results for (i) indicate that the non-normalised measure AQ is more effective in capturing tense–lax differences across a large f0 range than the normalised NAQ. Results for (iii) show a promising correspondence between the proposed amplitude-based measures and the time-based ones. A brief description is given of our planned research on Irish prosody, for which these measures will be important.

Cite as: Gobl, C., Ní Chasaide, A. (2003) Amplitude-Based Source Parameters for Measuring Voice Quality. Proc. Voice Quality: Functions, Analysis and Synthesis (VOQUAL 2003), 151-156

  author={Christer Gobl and Ailbhe {Ní Chasaide}},
  title={{Amplitude-Based Source Parameters for Measuring Voice Quality}},
  booktitle={Proc. Voice Quality: Functions, Analysis and Synthesis (VOQUAL 2003)},