2001: A Speaker Odyssey - The Speaker Recognition Workshop

June 18-22, 2001
Crete, Greece

Forensic Speaker Recognition Based on a Bayesian Framework and Gaussian Mixture Modelling (GMM)

Didier Meuwly, Andrzej Drygajlo

The goal of this paper is to establish scientifically founded methodology for forensic automatic speaker recognition. The interpretation of recorded speech as evidence in the forensic context presents particular challenges. The means proposed in the paper for dealing with them is through Bayesian inference. This leads to the formulation of a likelihood ratio measure of evidence which weighs the evidence in favour of two competing hypotheses: 1) the suspected speaker (source) is the speaker of the questioned recording (trace), 2) the speaker at the origin of the questioned recording is not the suspected speaker. The state-of-the-art automatic recognition system using Gaussian mixture model (GMM) is adapted to the Bayesian interpretation (BI) framework with the models of the within-source variability of the suspected speaker and the between-source variability of the questioned recording. This double-statistical approach (BI-GMM) gives an adequate solution for the interpretation of the recorded speech as evidence in the judicial process. Examples provided are for telephone quality speech recordings which account for a very large proportion of all forensic material for speaker recognition.

Full Paper   Presentation

Bibliographic reference.  Meuwly, Didier / Drygajlo, Andrzej (2001): "Forensic speaker recognition based on a Bayesian framework and Gaussian mixture modelling (GMM)", In ODYSSEY-2001, 145-150.