Voice Quality: Functions, Analysis and Synthesis

August 27-29, 2003
Geneva, Switzerland

MR and Area Function Study of Throaty Voice Quality

Eva Björkner (2), Johan Sundberg (1)

(1) Department of Speech Music Hearing, The Royal University of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
(2) Laboratory of Acoustics and Audio Signal Processing, Helsinki University of Technology, Finland

Abstract "Throaty" is a term used for voice quality, generally pejorative, but sometimes considered as a desirable timbral ornament in non-classical singing. The throatiness of a male subject’s examples of the vowels /u, i, a, ae/ pronounced in throaty and normal voice were rated by an expert panel, showing that the examples were representative. The formant frequencies of these vowels were analysed by inverse filtering, revealing a consistently higher F1 in the throaty versions. The same subject’s vocal tract profiles for these vowels, pronounced in the two qualities, were documented by MR imaging and the area functions were computed. Their formant frequencies showed reasonably similar differences between the two qualities, discrepancies presumably resulting from lack of information on lip conditions and larynx height.


Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Björkner, Eva / Sundberg, Johan (2003): "MR and area function study of throaty voice quality", In VOQUAL'03, 25-28.