Voice Quality: Functions, Analysis and Synthesis

August 27-29, 2003
Geneva, Switzerland

Jitter, Shimmer, and Noise in Pathological Voice Quality Perception

Jody Kreiman, Bruce R. Gerratt

Division of Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, USA

Although jitter, shimmer, and turbulent noise characterize all voice signals, their perceptual importance has not been established psychoacoustically. To determine which of these acoustic attributes is important in listeners’ perceptions of pathologic voices, listeners used a speech synthesizer to adjust levels of jitter, shimmer, and noise so that synthetic voices matched natural pathological voices. Results show that listeners perceived spectrally-shaped, additive noise as the critical inharmonic acoustic element contributing to pathologic voice quality. Listeners proved highly insensitive to the amounts of jitter and shimmer present in a voice sample. These results suggest that jitter and shimmer are not useful indices of voice quality.


Full Paper    Presentation (PDF)    Presentation (Powerpoint; 3395 KB)

Bibliographic reference.  Kreiman, Jody / Gerratt, Bruce R. (2003): "Jitter, shimmer, and noise in pathological voice quality perception", In VOQUAL'03, 57-62.