Bibliographic Reference Author Index Table of Contents
Please note that the pages were renumbered with respect to the printed proceedings. The printed proceedings appeared in two volumes with separate page numberings. These numberings were converted in this archive. So, page 1043 means volume 1, page 43, and page 2423 means volume 2, page 423.
[EUROSPEECH-1989] First European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology (EUROSPEECH '89), Paris, France, September 27-29, 1989; ISCA Archive, http://www.isca-speech.org/archive/eurospeech_1989
Names written in boldface refer to first authors, in CAPITAL letters to keynote and invited papers. Full papers can be accessed from the abstracts (ISCA members only). The PDF files (full papers) were scanned from printed proceedings and processed via OCR. Full-text search is available (with occasional errors). Please note that each abstract opens in a separate window.
A B C D E F G H IJ K L M N OP QR S T UV W XYZ
Applications: Aids to the Handicapped Applications: Applications and Specialized Devices
Applications: Designing an Application
Assessment: Speech Recognition Assessment: Speech Synthesis
Language Processing: Human Factors, Psychology, and Human-Machine Dialogue
Language Processing: Semantic Oriented Language Analysis
Language Processing: Speech-Oriented Language Analysis
Language Processing: Written Language Analysis
Perception: Auditory Processing Perception: Segmental Perception: Syllable and Timing
Perceptual Aspects of Prosody and Voice Quality
Phonetics Phonological Variants
Signal Processing: Acoustics, Noise, and Enhancement Signal Processing: Miscellaneous
Speech Analysis: Duration Speech Analysis: Formants Speech Analysis: Miscellaneous
Speech Analysis: Prosody Speech Analysis: Segmentation and Labelling Speech Analysis: Voice Quality
Speech Coding: Coders Design and Evaluation Speech Coding: LPC Parameters Evaluation
Speech Coding: Techniques for Narrowband Coding Speech Production
Speech Recognition: Algorithms and Models Speech Recognition: Connectionist Network
Speech Recognition: Robust Recognition and Speaker Recognition Speech Recognition: HMM
Speech Recognition: Knowledge-Based Phonetic Recognition Systems
Speech Recognition: Large Vocabulary and Multilingual Aspects Speech Recognition: Miscellaneous
Speech Recognition: Prosody and Lexical Access in Knowledge-Based Recognition
Speech Recognition: Recognition of Phonetic Units Speech Recognition: Subword Units in ASR
Speech Recognition: Systems Speech Recognition: Tools for Feature-Based Phonetic Recognition
Speech Synthesis: Methods Speech Synthesis: Systems
Speech Synthesis: Techniques and Applications Speech Synthesis: Voice Source and Prosody
Rolling, Loll: "Speech ninety-two -new horizons for the european community", 1001-1002.
Fant, Gunnar: "Speech research in perspective", 1003-1004.
Hwang, Mei-Yuh / Hon, Hsiao-Wuen / Lee, Kai-Fu: "Modeling between-word coarticulation in continuous speech recognition", 1005-1008.
Torkkola, Kari / Raivio, Kimmo: "Comparison of symbolic and connectionist approaches to eliminate coarticulation effects in phonemic speech recognition", 1009-1012.
Falaschi, Alessandro: "A functional based phonetic units definition for statistical speech recognizers", 1013-1016.
Weigel, Walter / Ruske, Günther: "Continuous speech recognition using syllabic segmentation and demisyllable hidden Markov models", 1017-1020.
Vigier, Alain J. / Silverman, Harvey F.: "Disambiguation of the e-set for connected-alphadigit recognition", 1021-1024.
Young, S. R.: "Use of dialogue, pragmatics and semantics to enhance speech recognition: applicability and limitations of dynamically reducing perplexity", 1025.
Niedermair, G. Th.: "The use of a semantic network in speech dialogue", 1026-1029.
Tropf, Herbert S.: "Syntax in the spoken dialogue system spicos-II", 1030-1033.
Biebow, Brigitte / Coupey, Pascal / Szulman, Sylvie: "Using exceptions in a semantic network for a natural language application", 1034-1037.
Streit, Michael: "Presuppositions and anaphora in a question answering speech system", 1175-1178.
Price, Patti / Moore, Robert / Murveit, Hy / Pereira, Fernando / Bernstein, Jared / Dalrymple, Mary: "The integration of speech and natural language in interactive spoken language systems", 1179-1182.
Mousel, P. / Pierrel, Jean-Marie / Roussanaly, A.: "Cooperation and representation of syntactic-semantic and pragmatic knowledge in a natural language task oriented spoken dialogue system", 1183-1186.
Matrouf, K. / Néel, Francoise / Gauvain, Jean-Luc / Mariani, Joseph: "Adaptive syntax representation in an oral task-oriented dialogue for air-traffic controller training", 1187-1190.
Hunnicutt, Sheri: "Using syntactic and semantic information in a word prediction aid", 1191-1193.
Inoue, Naomi / Morimoto, Tsuyoshi / Ogura, Kentarou: "A linguistic knowledge base for applying semantic information to a speech understanding system", 1194-1197.
Kitano, Hiroaki / Tomabechi, Hideto / Mitamura, Teruko / Iida, Hitoshi: "A massively parallel model of speech-to-speech dialog translation: a step toward interpreting telephony", 1198-1201.
Collier, René: "Intonation analysis: the perception of speech melody in relation to acoustics and production", 1038-1044.
Avesani, C.: "Towards a model of Italian intonation", 1045.
Mertens, P.: "Automatic recognition of intonation in French and dutch", 1046-1050.
Hertrich, Ingo / Gartenberg, R. D.: "A new method in intonation research using partly controlled, simulated dialogues", 1051-1054.
Vaissière, Jacqueline: "On automatic extraction of prosodic information for automatic speech recognition system", 1202-1205.
Howard, I. S. / Walliker, J. R.: "The implementation of a portable real-time multilayer-perceptron speech fundamental period estimator", 1206-1209.
Batliner, Anton / Nöth, Elmar: "The prediction of focus", 1210-1213.
Quené, Hugo / Kager, René: "Automatic accentuation and prosodic phrasing for dutch text-to-speech conversion", 1214-1218.
Bezooijen, Renée van / Pols, Louis C. W.: "Evaluation of a sentence accentuation algorithm for a dutch text-to-speech system", 1218-1221.
Martin, Philippe: "Automatic assignment of lexical stress in Italian", 1222-1225.
Hieronymus, James L.: "Automatic sentential vowel stress labelling", 1226-1229.
Peeters, Willem J. M. / Barry, William J.: "Diphthong dynamics: production and perception in southern british English", 1055-1058.
Datscheweit, W.: "Quantitative measurement of the influence of acoustic cues on the perception of voiced plosives", 1059-1062.
Schwartz, Jean-Luc / Boe, Louis Jean / Perrier, Pascal / Guérin, Bernard / Escudier, Pierre: "Perceptual contract and stability in vowel systems: a 3-d simulation study", 1063-1066.
Watson, Ian M. C. / McCormick, Marianne / Seitz, Franz / Bladon, Anthony / Temple, Rosalind: "The use of perceptually scaled spectra in across-talker algorithmic classification of british English stop consonants", 1067-1070.
Broeders, Ton / Rietveld, Toni: "Segmental marking as a cue in auditory voice identification of telephone speech", 1071-1074.
Fesseler, Peter / Hackbarth, Heidi / Kugler, Marianne / Boehm, Arnd: "Automatic vocabulary extension for a speaker-adaptive speech recognition system based on CVC units", 1075-1078.
Scagliola, Carlo / Vicenzi, Cesare / Carossino, Angelo / Sciarra, Donatella: "Iterative optimization of sub-word templates for speech recognition", 1079-1082.
Monnet, F. / Jousset, S. / Demour, A. / Richard, P.: "The IKAROS continuous speech understanding system: first demonstrator", 1083.
Fournol, D. / Godin, C. / Guidon, Y. / Richard, P.: "The spin continuous-speech decoding system", 1084-1087.
Dermatas, E. / Fanotakis, Nikos / Kokkinakis, George: "Improved speaker independent IWRS for small vocabularies", 1088-1090.
Buttafava, P. / Billi, Roberto / Digiampietro, W. / Massia, G. / Vittorelli, V.: "Architecture and implementation of the olivetti PC-based very large vocabulary isolated word speech recognition system", 1091-1093.
Adda-Decker, Martine: "Continuous speech recognition using phone-based anchor point detection and diphone-based dp-matching", 1094-1097.
Bundgaard, Michael: "Statistical analysis of large-scale lexical corpuses in the context of continuous speech recognition systems (CSR systems)", 1098-1101.
Marino, Jose B. / Nadeu, Climent / Moreno, Asunción / Lleida, Eduardo / Monte, Enric: "Recognition of numbers and strings of numbers by using demisyllables: one speaker experiment", 1102-1105.
Colangeli, Giulio / Ardito, Filippo: "A transputer based system for parallel dynamic time warping", 1106-1109.
Noyes, J. M. / Frankish, Clive R.: "Gender differences in speech recognition performance", 1110-1112.
Carlson, Rolf / Granström, Björn / Lindstrom, Anders: "Predicting name pronunciation for a reverse directory service", 1113-1116.
Spiegel, Murray F. / Macchi, Marian J. / Gollhardt, Kurt D.: "Synthesis of names by a demisyllable-based speech synthesizer (SPOKESMAN)", 1117-1120.
King, Robin W.: "Layout processing, user control and prosody insertion in an on-line synthetic speech system", 1121-1124.
Ainsworth, William A. / Pell, B.: "Connectionist architectures for a text-to-speech system", 1125-1128.
Bosch, L. F. M. ten / Collier, René / Boves, Louis: "From diphones to allophones: from data to rules", 1129-1131.
Loman, H. / Bezooijen, Renée van / Kerkhoff, J. / Boves, Louis: "A working environment and procedure for the development of speech synthesis rules", 1132-1135.
Bailly, Gérard / Tran, A.: "Compost: a rule-compiler for speech synthesis", 1136-1139.
Hirokawa, Tomohisa: "Speech synthesis using a waveform dictionary", 1140-1143.
Bäckström, Marina / Ceder, Ken / Lyberg, Bertil: "PROPHON - an interactive environment for text-to-speech conversion", 1144-1147.
Lee, Kai-Fu: "Hidden Markov models: past, present, and future", 1148-1155.
Bahl, L. R. / Gennaro, S. V. De / Gopalakrishnan, P. S. / Mercer, R. L.: "A fast approximate acoustic match for large vocabulary speech recognition", 1156-1158.
Serralheiro, A. J. / Ephraim, Y. / Rabiner, Lawrence R.: "On nonstationary hidden Markov modeling of speech signals", 1159-1162.
Huang, X. D. / Hon, Hsiao-Wuen / Lee, Kai-Fu: "Large-vocabulary speaker-independent continuous speech recognition with semi-continuous hidden Markov models", 1163-1166.
Varga, Andrew / Ponting, Keith: "Control experiments on noise compensation in hidden Markov model based continuous word recognition", 1167-1170.
Imamura, Akihiro / Hamada, Hiroshi / Nakatsu, Ryohei: "Speaker-independent word recognition through telephone networks using hidden Markov models", 1171-1174.
Hon, Hsiao-Wuen / Lee, Kai-Fu / Weide, Robert: "Towards speech recognition without vocabulary-specific training", 1481-1484.
Davies, Peter: "Hidden Markov modelling of modern standard Chinese tones in connected speech", 1485.
Wright, J. H. / Wrigley, E. N. / Carey, M. J.: "Probabilistic multilevel language analysis for speech recognition", 1486-1489.
Lee, Kai-Fu / Mahajan, Sanjoy: "Corrective and reinforcement learning for speaker-independent continuous speech recognition", 1490-1493.
Rigoll, Gerhard: "An information theory approach to speaker adaptation", 1494-1497.
Darwin, C. J.: "Speech perception seen through the ear", 1230-1234.
Wu, Zong Liang / Schwartz, Jean Luc / Escudier, Pierre: "A theoretical study of neural mechanisms specialized in the detection of articulatory-acoustic events", 1235-1238.
Pont, M. J. / Damper, Robert I.: "A possible neural basis for the categorical perception of the English voiced/voiceless contrast", 1239-1242.
Hukin, R. W. / Damper, Robert I.: "Testing an auditory model by resynthesis", 1243-1246.
Berthommier, F. / Schwartz, Jean-Luc / Escudier, Pierre: "Auditory processing in a post-cochlear neural network vowel spectrum processing based on spike synchrony", 1247-1250.
Keurs, Mariken ter / Plomp, Reinier / Festen, Joost M.: "Effects of spectral smearing on speech reception", 1251-1253.
Fujihashi, Y. / Fukui, A.: "Telephone speech recognition system with high noise immunity", 1254-1257.
Yong, Gu / Mason, John S.: "Speaker normalization via a linear transformation on a perceptual feature space and its benefits in ASR adaptation", 1258-1261.
Ruehl, Hans-Wilhelm / Dobler, S. / Weith, J. / Meyer, Peter / Noll, A. / Hamer, H. H. / Piotrowski, H.: "Speech recognition in the noisy car environment", 1262-1265.
Carey, Michael / Howe, Amanda / Tucker, Roger: "On the recognition of key words in unconstrained conversation", 1266.
Mason, John S. / Oglesby, J. / Xu, L.: "Codebooks to optimise speaker recognition", 1267-1270.
Xu, L. / Mason, John S.: "Instantaneous and transitional perceptually-based features in speaker identification", 1271-1274.
Rocchi, Claudio / Mumolo, Enzo: "A new method for performing weighted distances for speaker authentication", 1275-1278.
Federico, A. / Ibba, G. / Paoloni, A. / Sario, N. De / Saverione, B.: "Comparison between automatic methods and human listeners in speaker recognition tasks", 1279-1282.
Giannini, Antonella / Pettorino, Massimo / Cinque, Umberto: "Speaker's identification by voice", 1283-1286.
Zalewski, Janusz: "Text dependent speaker recognition in noise", 1287-1289.
Hirata, Yoshimitsu / Nakagawa, Seiich: "A lOObit/s speech coding using a speech recognition technique", 1290-1293.
Lefevre, Jean-Paul / Viola, Roberto: "Real-time multirate speech codec for manned spacecraft communications", 1294-1297.
Soheili, R. / Kondoz, A. M. / Evans, B. G.: "New innovations in multi-pulse speech coding for bit rates below 8 kb/s", 1298-1301.
Boyd, I. / Southcott, C. B. / Bolingbroke, P. J.: "A speech coder for aeronautical telecommunications", 1302-1305.
Ozawa, Kazunori: "A 4.8 kb/s high-quality speech coding using various types of excitation signals", 1306-1309.
Delprat, M. / Lever, M. / Gruet, C.: "Efficient excitation model and fast selection in CELP coding of speech", 1310-1313.
Atungsiri, S. A. / Kondoz, A. M. / Evans, B. G.: "A low bit rate speech coder optimized for forward error control", 1314-1317.
Satoh, Kazumi / Kurihara, Hideaki / Unagami, Shigeyuki / Kajihara, Masanori / Tomita, Yoshihiro: "8- and 16-kb/s APC-AB voice codec using a single chip DSP", 1318-1321.
Moreau, N. / Dymarski, P.: "Mixed excitation CELP coder", 1322-1325.
Wery, B. R. / Leroux, A. / Delbrouck, H. Ph. / Leclerc, J.: "A new parametric speech analysis and synthesis technique in the frequency domain", 1326-1328.
Blanchet, Pascal: "Multilayer perceptron architectures for data compression tasks", 1329-1332.
Renals, Steve / Dalby, Jonathan: "Analysis of a neural network model for speech recognition", 1333-1336.
Patarnello, Stefano / Scarei, Stefano: "Self-organizing boolean networks for speech recognition", 1337-1340.
Monte, Enric / Lleida, Eduardo / Marino, Jose B.: "New backpropagation algorithm using quadratic potential functions, and an experiment on isolated word recognition", 1341-1344.
Kangas, Jari / Kohonen, Teuvo: "Transient map method in stop consonant discrimination", 1345-1348.
Caharel, M.-H. / Miclet, Laurent: "Filtering a phonetic lattice with a connexionnist network", 2529-2532.
Bulot, R. / Nocera, P.: "Explicit knowledge and neural networks for speech recognition", 2533-2536.
Bottou, L. / Fogelman Soulie, F. / Blanchet, Pascal / Lienard, Jean-Sylvain: "Experiments with time delay networks and dynamic time warping for speaker independent isolated digits recognition", 2537-2540.
Dalsgaard, Paul: "Semi-automatic phonemic labelling of speech data using a self-organising neural network", 2541-2544.
Baekgaard, Anders / Dalsgaard, Paul: "Recognition of continuous speech using neural nets and expert system", 2545-2548.
Komori, Yasuhiro / Hatazaki, Kaichiro / Tanaka, Takaharu / Kawabata, Takeshi / Shikano, Kiyohiro: "Phoneme recognition expert system using spectrogram reading knowledge and neural networks", 2549-2552.
Haffner, P. / Waibel, Alex / Sawai, H. / Shikano, Kiyohiro: "Fast back-propagation learning methods for large phonemic neural networks", 2553-2556.
Rohwer, Richard / Cressy, David: "Phoneme classification by boolean networks", 2557-2560.
Kokkonen, Mikko / Torkkola, Kari: "Using self-organizing maps and multi-layered feed-forward nets to obtain phonemic transcriptions of spoken utterances", 2561-2564.
Huckvale, Mark A. / Howard, I. S. / Barry, William J.: "Automatic phonetic feature labelling of continuous speech", 2565-2568.
Karlsson, Inger: "A female voice for a text-to-speech system", 1349-1352.
Barry, William J. / Grice, Martine / Hazan, Valerie / Fourcin, Adrian J.: "Excitation distributions for synthesised speech", 1353-1356.
Terken, Jacques M. B. / Collier, René: "Automatic synthesis of natural-sounding intonation for text-to-speech conversion in dutch", 1357-1359.
Moreno, P. J. / Martinez, M. / Pardo, José M. / Vallejo, J. A.: "Improving naturalness in a text-to-speech system with a new fundamental frequency algorithm", 1360-1363.
Brovchenko, T. / Voloshin, V.: "Discourse intonation and expressive synthetic speech", 1364-1365.
Fant, Gunnar / Kruckenberg, Anita / Nord, Lennart: "Rhythmical structures in text reading - a language contrasting study", 1498-1501.
Monaghan, Alex I. C.: "Phonological domains for intonation in speech synthesis", 1502-1505.
Quazza, S. / Varese, G. / Vivalda, E.: "Syntactic pre-processing for high quality text-to-speech", 1506-1509.
Larreur, Danielle / Emerard, Francoise / Marty, F.: "Linguistic and prosodic processing for a text-to-speech synthesis system", 1510-1513.
Youd, N. J. / Fallside, Frank: "Driving a speech synthesizer from conceptual input in the context of a voice dialogue system", 1514-1517.
Blokland, Art / Thompson, Henry S.: "A parser for feature-based speech recognition", 1366-1368.
Nguyen-Trong, Noel: "A recent advance in factorial analysis, related to phonetic feature extraction", 1369.
Shirai, Katsuhiko / Aoki, Noriyuki / Hosaka, Naoki: "Phoneme recognition in continuous speech using feature selection based on mutual information", 1370-1373.
Poirier, Franck: "Automatic labelling of continuous speech based on hierarchical representation of the energy", 1374-1377.
Thompson, Henry S.: "A chart parsing realisation of dynamic programming, with best-first enumeration of paths in a lattice", 1378-1381.
Dermatas, E. / Kokkinakis, George: "A system for automatic text labelling", 1382-1385.
Cericola, D. / Danieli, M. / Mollo, M. J. / Voltolini, D.: "Morpho-syntactic tools for speech processing", 1386-1389.
Mastrolonardo, A. / Refice, M.: "Measuring the power of self-organized linguistic models", 1390-1393.
Fouquere, Christophe: "Is nonmonotonic grammar a solution to natural language processing?", 1394-1397.
Reynier, Emmanuel / Caelen, Jean: "ATN compiler and parser for an ASR system", 1398-1401.
Elenius, Kjell / Carlson, Rolf: "Assigning parts-of-speech to words from their orthography using a connectionist model", 1534-1537.
McAllister, Mike: "The problems of punctuation ambiguity in fully automatic text-to-speech conversion", 1538-1541.
Refice, M. / Savino, M.: "Word endings analysis of european languages", 1542-1545.
Prakash, M. / Rao, G. V. Ramana / Sekhar, C. Chandra / Yegnanarayana, B.: "Parsing spoken utterances in an inflectional language", 1546-1549.
Berthelin, J. B. / Fournier, J. P. / Grau, B.: "Processing non-expected language", 1550-1552.
Carter, K. E. P. / Gookson, S. / Newell, A. F. / Arnott, J. L. / Dye, R.: "The effect of feedback on oomposition rate using a simulated listening typewriter", 1402-1404.
Chigier, Benjamin / Urdang, Erik / Spitz, Judith: "Analysis of two algorithms for telephone speech recognition", 1405-1407.
Thomas, T. / Peckham, J. / Frangoulis, E. / Cove, J.: "The sensitivity of speech recognisers to speaker variability and speaker variation", 1408-1411.
Vu, V. V. / King, R. A.: "Automatic diagnostic and assessment procedures for the comparison and optimisation of time encoded speech (TES) DVI systems", 1412-1416.
Hughes, R. D. / King, R. A.: "A comparison of the performance of "normal" and "whispered" speech with simple time encoded digital speech (TES) direct voice input (DVI) systems in a tactical military environment", 1417-1420.
Hamada, Hiroshi / Miki, Satoshi / Nakatsu, Ryohei: "Automatic evaluation of English pronunciation based on speech recognition techniques", 1421-1424.
Bakkum, Mark J. / Plomp, Reinier / Pols, Louis C. W.: "Objective evaluation of word pronunciation by filter-band analysis", 1425-1428.
Leiser, R. G. / Avons, S. E.: "Paralanguage and human-computer dialogue", 1429-1432.
Fellbaum, Klaus / Heinstein, Rainer / Loebner, Helmut: "Speech dialogue systems - state of the art and selected applications", 1433-1436.
Ciaramella, Alberto / Clementino, Davide / Pacifici, Roberto: "Characterization of a large vocabulary isolated words and continuous speech recognizer", 1437-1440.
Schalk, Thomas B.: "Automating operator-assisted calls using speech recognition", 1441-1444.
Murillo, G. / Benbassat, G. / Masse, Y.: "The texas-instruments PC-based speech vocabulary development system makes it even easier to put speech into applications", 1445.
Kobayashi, Yutaka / Niimi, Yasuhisa: "An efficient VQ code search algorithm using signal continuity", 1446-1449.
Karjalainen, Matti / Altosaar, Toomas / Alku, Paavo / Lehtinen, Lauri / Helle, Seppo: "Speech processing in the object-oriented DSP environment quicksig", 1450-1453.
Beroule, Dominique G.: "Management of time distortions through rough coincidence detection", 1454-1457.
Carlson, Rolf / Nord, Lennart: "Positional variants of Swedish sonorants in an analysis-synthesis scheme", 1458-1461.
Chan, Chorkin / Bao, Jun / Wu, Jian-xiong: "A preliminary study on the static representation of short-timed speech dynamics", 1462-1465.
Moulsley, T. J. / Holmes, P. R.: "An adaptive voiced/unvoiced speech classifier", 1466-1469.
Stamenkovic, H. / Bakran, J.: "An intelligent pitch tracker based on formal language theory and phonetic knowledge", 1470-1473.
Giustiniani, Massimo: "A new algorithm for fundamental frequency estimation", 1474-1475.
Reetz, Henning: "A fast expert program for pitch extraction", 1476-1479.
Hirst, Daniel / Espesser, Robert: "Automatic modelling of fundamental frequency curves", 1480.
Nasri, M. K. / Caelen-Haumont, Geneviève / Caelen, Jean: "Comparative study between uniform and variable coding used for inferring prosodic rules in automatic speech recognition expert systems", 1518-1521.
Carbonell, Noelle: "On the use of prosodic knowledge for continuous speech recognition and understanding", 1522-1525.
Bundgaard, Michael: "An algorithm for recognition of stress in danish and its application in an ASR system", 1526.
Carlo, A. Di / Paoloni, A.: "An experiment in word hypothesization performed in the context of a continuous speech recognition system", 1527-1529.
Kaspar, Bernhard / Lochschmidt, Bernd: "SPEECHLEX - phonological word modelling component of an experimental speech recognition system", 1530-1533.
Moore, T. A. / King, R. A.: "A voice to data convertor for use in a hostile tactical military environment", 1553-1556.
Boillon, D. / Breitschaedel, R. / Corvellec, Y. / Bergmann, D.: "Speech interface for an experimental office system", 1557-1560.
Riccio, A. / Carraro, F. / Mumolo, E.: "Voice based remote data base access", 1561-1564.
Cecinati, Riccardo / Ciaramella, Alberto / Licciardi, Luigi / Venuti, Giovanni: "Implementation of a dynamic time warp integrated circuit for large vocabulary isolated and connected speech recognition", 1565-1568.
Gagnoulet, C. / Damay, J.: "MAIRIEVOX: a speech-activated voice information system", 1569-1572.
Haberbeck, Rolf: "The communication interface - a management system for advanced user interfaces", 1573-1576.
Büther, H. / Haberbeck, Rolf / Volmary, C.: "Strategies for the use of multi-media and multi-modal input facilities at office workstations", 1577-1580.
Lecomte, I. / Boudy, J. / Baillargeat, C. / Lever, M.: "Speech processing in car environment", 1581.
Ventura, J. C.: "Multiband digital gain controller", 1582-1585.
Aktas, Abdulmesih / Höge, Harald: "Multi-DSP and VQ-ASIC based acoustic front-end for real-time speech processing tasks", 1586-1589.
Coile, Bert Van / Martens, J. P.: "Dutch text-to-speech aids for the vocally handicapped", 1590-1593.
Chen, Xixian / Cai, Changnian: "A novel approach for degraded speech recognition", 1594-1595.
Jovicic, S.T. / Randelovid, P.: "An algorithm for time-scaling of speech signal", 1596-1599.
Varley, M. R. / Simpson, R. J. / Terrell, T. J.: "Pitch determination algorithms for speech and their implementation using a high performance single chip digital signal processor", 1600-1603.
Yegnanarayana, B. / Murthy, K. V. Madhu: "Analysis of short time speech segments based on linear prediction", 1604.
Owens, F. J. / Murphy, M. S.: "Non-uniform RFT filterbank design for speech processing", 1605-1608.
Psutka, Josef: "The use of the LPC residual error autocorrelation to pitch period extraction", 1609-1612.
Fohr, Dominique / Laprie, Yves: "Snorri: an interactive tool for speech analysis", 1613-1616.
Fikri, M. / Aou-El-Yazid, M. F. / El-Ghonemy, M. R.: "Improving formant bandwidth estimation by selective lag windowing", 1617-1620.
Alphen, Paul van / Pols, Louis C. W.: "A real-time FIR-based felterbank, as the acoustic front end of a speech recognizer", 1621-1624.
Estola, Kari-Pekka: "Multirate Gaussian scale-space filtering", 1625-1628.
Farassopoulos, A. / Farassopoulos-Gerber, A.: "Speech enhancement for hearing aids in noisy environment", 1629-1632.
Nakata, Kazuo / Sugiura, Akihiko: "Noise reduction of speech by neural networks and vector quantization", 1633-1636.
Scaife, Ronan: "Vocal tract area estimation - extending the wakita inverse filter", 2648-2651.
Hirsch, Hans-Günter / Rühl, Hans-Wilhelm: "Automatic speech recognition in a noisy environment", 2652-2655.
Gehrenbeck, P.: "A computationally inexpensive algorithm for enhancing speech disturbed by coloured noise", 2656.
Compernolle, Dirk Van / Ma, Weiye / Diest, Marc Van: "Speech recognition in noisy environments with the aid of microphone arrays", 2657-2660.
Schlang, Martin F.: "An auditory based approach for echo compensation with modulation filtering", 2661-2664.
Loken-Kim, K. H. / Nara, Y.: "A postprocessor for a large vocabulary Japanese speech recognition system", 2001-2004.
Emam, O. S. / Hashish, M. A.: "Large-vocabulary isolated Arabic word recognition system: preliminary results", 2005-2008.
Wothke, K. / Bandara, U. / Kempf, J. / Keppel, E. / Mohr, K. / Walch, G.: "The SPRING speech recognition system for German", 2009-2012.
Charpentier, Francis / Moulines, Eric: "Pitch-synchronous waveform processing techniques for text-to-speech synthesis using diphones", 2013-2019.
Heike, Georg / Greisbach, Reinhold / Hilger, Stefan / Kröger, Bernd: "Speech synthesis by acoustic control", 2020-2022.
Badin, Pierre / Fant, Gunnar: "Fricative production modelling: aerodynamic and acoustic data", 2023-2026.
Mrayati, Mohamed / Carré, René: "Speech synthesis based on vocal tract region theory", 2172-2175.
Owens, F. J. / Wright, G. T. H. / Ramsey, N. W.: "A time-domain articulatory speech synthesiser", 2176-2179.
Lehtinen, Lauri / Karjalainen, Matti: "Individual sounding speech synthesis by rule using the microphonemic method", 2180-2182.
Bimbot, Frédéric / Chollet, Gérard / Deleglise, P.: "Speech synthesis by structured segments, using temporal decomposition and a glottal excitation", 2183-2186.
Falaschi, Alessandro / Giustiniani, Massimo / Verola, Massimo: "A hidden Markov model approach to speech synthesis", 2187-2190.
Posmyk, Reinhard: "Time-domain synthesizer for preserving microprosody", 2191-2194.
Takeda, Kazuya / Abe, Katsuo / Sagisaka, Yoshinori / Kuwabara, Hisao: "Adaptive manipulation of non-uniform synthesis units using multi-level unit transcription", 2195-2198.
Lobo, A. P. / Ainsworth, William A.: "Evaluation of a glottal ARMA modelling scheme", 2027-2030.
Alku, Paavo / Laine, Unto K.: "A new glottal LPC method of low complexity for speech analysis and coding", 2031-2034.
Gautherot, O. / Mason, John S. / Corney, P.: "LPC residual phase investigation", 2035-2038.
Francesco, R. Di / Moulines, E.: "Detection of the glottal closure by jumps in the statistical properties of the signal", 2039-2042.
Veth, J. de / Brouwers, W. van Golstein / Boves, Louis: "Robust ARMA analysis for accurate determination of system parameters of the voice source and vocal tract", 2043-2046.
Chan, D. S. F. / Brookes, D. M.: "Variability of excitation parameters derived from robust closed phase glottal inverse filtering", 2199-2202.
Marques, Jorge S. / Almeida, Luis B.: "Sinusoidal modeling of voiced and unvoiced speech", 2203-2206.
Itahashi, Shuichi / Takagi, Kazuyuki: "Automatic formant frequency extraction by moment calculation of speech spectrum", 2207-2210.
d'Alessandro, Christophe: "Time-frequency modifications using an elementary waveform speech model", 2211-2214.
Nadeu, Climent / Lleida, Eduardo / Hernando, F. Javier: "Modeling of the analytic spectrum for speech recognition", 2215-2218.
Gong, Yifan / Boyer, Anne / Haton, Jean-Paul: "Parallel construction of syntactic structure for continuous speech recognition", 2047-2050.
Steinbiss, Volker: "Sentence-hypotheses generation in a continuous-speech recognition system", 2051-2054.
McKelvie, David / McInnes, Fergus R.: "Using entropy as a measure of phoneme lattice quality and to evaluate lexical access mechanisms", 2055-2058.
Thompson, Henry S. / McKelvie, David / McInnes, Fergus R.: "Robust lexical access for continuous speech using dynamic time warping and finite-state transducers", 2059-2062.
Senders, Walther / Kugler, Marianne / Boves, Louis: "Simultaneous optimisation of several variables in a probabilistic language model", 2063-2066.
Kurematsu, A.: "Relationship between speech processing and language processing - speech translation from Japanese to English", 2219.
Henrich, Peter: "Language identification for the automatic grapheme-to-phoneme conversion of foreign words in a German text-to-speech system", 2220-2223.
Nakagawa, Seiichi / Ohguro, Yoshihisa / Hashimoto, Yasuhide: "The syntax-oriented speech understanding system - SPOJUS-SYNO", 2224-2227.
Iida, Hitoshi / Kogure, Kiyoshi / Yoshimoto, Kei / Aizawa, Teruaki: "An experimental spoken natural dialogue translation system using a lexicon-driven grammar", 2228-2231.
Larsen, Lars Bo / Baekgaard, Anders / Bundgaard, Michael: "Constructing a large size lexicon for a continuous speech recognition system", 2232-2235.
Delomier, Dominique / Meunier, Andre / Morel, Mary-Annick: "Linguistic features of human-machine oral dialogue", 2236-2239.
Tsopanoglou, A. / Mourjopoulos, J. / Kokkinakis, George: "Continuous speech phoneme segmentation method based on the instantaneous frequency", 2067-2070.
Mierlo, E. J. M. van / Blaauw, E. / Bloothooft, Gerrit: "Phoneme segmentation of speech, based on temporal decomposition using band filter spectra and phonetic rules", 2071-2074.
Moreno, Asunción / Armas, P. / Marino, Jose B. / Masgrau, E.: "Automatic segmentation of Spanish speech into syllables", 2075-2078.
Sorensen, Helge B. D. / Dalsgaard, Paul: "Multi-level segmentation of natural continuous speech using different auditory front-ends", 2079-2082.
Dours, C. / Calmes, M. de / Kabre, H. / Pecarte, J. M. / Perennou, Guy / Vigouroux, Nadine: "A multi-level automatic segmentation system: SAPHO and VERIPHONE", 2083-2086.
Perennou, Guy / Vigouroux, Nadine / Boe, Louis-Jean / Caelen-Haumont, Geneviève / Autesserre, Denis / Fohr, Dominique: "Comparison of temporal and frequential methods of speech data base labelling", 2087.
Erp, A. van / Houben, C. G. J. / Barry, William J. / Grice, Martine / Boe, Louis-Jean / Braun, G. / Cosi, Piero / Dyhr, N. / Perennou, Guy / Vigouroux, Nadine / Autesserre, Denis: "A unified approach to the labelling of speech: first multilingual results", 2088-2091.
Thompson, Henry S.: "Hill climbing to improve the performance of rule-based segmentation and labelling", 2092-2095.
Seidl, S. / Poirier, R.: "An approach for automatic determination of break points in the speech waveform", 2096-2099.
Datta, A. K.: "Manner-based labelling of speech signal using total energy profile", 2100-2103.
Houben, C. G. J.: "Automatic labelling of speech using an acoustic-phonetic knowledge base", 2104-2107.
Collier, René / Zitter, A. de / Terken, Jacques M. B.: "On the perceptual salience of melodical variations and its consequences for intonation synthesis", 2108-2111.
Gartenberg, R. D. / Hertrich, Ingo: "Speaker responses to F0 manipulations in partly controlled simulated dialogues", 2112.
Koopmans-van Beinum, Florien J. / Bergem, Dick R. van: "The role of 'given' and 'new in the production and perception of vowel contrasts in read text and in spontaneous speech", 2113-2116.
Potapova, Rodmonga: "Some aspects of intonation in modern standard Russian (analysis-synthesis-analysis)", 2117-2120.
Nushikyan, E.: "Analysis, synthesis and perception of emotional speech", 2121-2122.
Pascal, D. / Thill, C. / Boyer, M.: "Perceptive similarity of male voices: correlation with acoustic measures", 2123-2126.
Tielen, Mirjam T. J.: "Intelligibility of male and female voices under a few noise conditions", 2127-2130.
Shevchenko, T.: "What's in a voice: a system of regional and social acoustic characteristics based on the analysis of 100 british English voices", 2131-2134.
Cave, Christian / Benkirane, Thami: "A perceptual study of vowel-duration as a cue to word-boundaries in moroccan Arabic", 2135.
Grassegger, Hans: "Perceptual investigations on consonantal segments of a German text-to-speech system", 2136-2138.
Harmegnies, Bernard / Esling, John / Delplancq, Veronique: "Quantitative study of the effects of settings changes on the LTAS", 2139-2142.
Günzburger, Deborah / Vries, Marianne de: "How do minor acoustical cues affect male and female voice quality?", 2143-2145.
Pardo, José M. / Hasan, H.: "Large vocabulary speaker-independent isolated-word speech recognition using hidden Markov models: status report and planned research", 2146-2149.
Cerf-Danon, H. / Derouault, A.-M. / Elbeze, M. / Merialdo, B.: "Speech recognition in French with a very large dictionary", 2150-2153.
Ferretti, Marco / Scarci, Stefano: "Large-vocabulary speech recognition with speaker-adapted codebook and HMM parameters", 2154-2156.
Billi, Roberto / Arman, G. / Cericola, D. / Massia, G. / Mollo, M. J. / Tafini, F. / Varese, G. / Vittorelli, V.: "A pc-based very large vocabulary isolated word speech recognition system", 2157-2160.
Baker, Janet M.: "Dragondictate (TM)-30k: natural language speech recognition with 30,000 words", 2161-2163.
Sciarra, Donatella / Scagliola, Carlo: "Two-step recognition of large vocabulary isolated words based on diphone spotting", 2164-2167.
Boves, Louis: "A multi-lingual language model for large vocabulary speech recognition", 2168-2171.
Rouat, J. / Mori, Renato De / Adoul, J. P.: "Speaker and mother tongue independent analysis and recognition of some nasals, liquids and fricatives for integration in an automatic speech recognition system", 2240-2243.
Dalby, Jonathan / Crowe, Alan / Sutherland, Andrew M.: "Formantbased vowel classification in continuous speech", 2244-2247.
Diest, Marc Van / Compernolle, Dirk Van / Oosterlinck, Andre: "A rule based system for speech verification", 2248-2251.
Williams, B. / Hiller, S. M. / McInnes, Fergus R. / Dalby, Jonathan: "A knowledge-based nasal classifier for use in continuous speech recognition", 2252-2255.
Tattegrain, Helene / Caelen, Jean: "Phonetic unit localization in a multi-expert recognition system", 2256-2259.
Nishinuma, Yukihiro / Duez, Danielle / Paboudjian, Chantal: "Duration of consonant clusters in French: automatic detection rules", 2260-2263.
El-Sheikh, T. S. / El-Ghonemy, M. R. / Mansour, O. M.: "Toward a phoneme-based word recognition system", 2264-2267.
Djoudi, M. / Fohr, Dominique / Haton, Jean-Paul: "Phonetic study for automatic recognition of Arabic", 2268-2271.
Caraty, M. J. / Richard, J. C. / Rodet, Xavier: "Vowel recognition in a data base of continuous speech: experiments with local and global identification principles", 2272.
Glassman, Martin S. / Starkey, Mary Beth: "Minimal consonant pair discrimination for speech therapy using an expanded feature set and pattern element selection in time and frequency", 2273-2276.
Kobayashi, Tetsunori / Matsuda, Toshiyuki / Watanabe, Kazuhiro: "Contextual factor analysis of vowel distribution", 2277-2280.
Boe, Louis-Jean / Perrier, Pascal / Guérin, Bernard / Schwartz, Jean-Luc: "Maximal vowel space", 2281-2284.
Bergem, Dick R. van / Koopmans-van Beinum, Florien J.: "Vowel reduction in natural speech", 2285-2288.
Iivonen, Antti / Toivonen, Raima: "Simulation of the psycho-acoustical vowel space for linguistic applications", 2289-2292.
Gosy, Maria: "Identification of synthesized Hungarian vowels with two vs. five formants", 2293-2295.
Ganguli, N. R.: "Acoustic phonetic study of bengali nasals", 2296-2299.
Watson, Gordon S.: "APS: an environment for acoustic phonetic research", 2300-2303.
Chafcouloff, Michel / Marchal, Alain / Benkirane, Thami: "Coarticulatory patterns in stop sequences", 2304-2307.
Fourcin, Adrian J.: "Progress overview for the SAM project", 2308.
Garofolo, John S. / Pallett, David S.: "Use of CD-ROM for speech database storage and exchange", 2309-2312.
Kingham, L. O.: "Criteria in the design of experiments for speech recognition performance assessment", 2313-2315.
Steeneken, Herman J. M. / Velden, Jeroen. G. van: "RAMOS - recognizer assessment by means of manipulation of speech", 2316-2319.
Crowe, D. P.: "Selection of voice codec for the aeronautical satellite service", 2320-2323.
Bourjot, C. / Boyer, A. / Fohr, D.: "Phonetic decoder assessment", 2457-2460.
McInnes, Fergus R. / Ariki, Y. / Wrench, Alan A.: "Enhancement and optimisation of a speech recognition front end based on hidden Markov models", 2461-2464.
Marcus, Jeffrey N.: "Significance tests for comparing speech recognizer performance using small test sets", 2465-2468.
Vernooij, G. J. / Bloothooft, Gerrit / Holsteijn, Y. van: "Simulation of isolated word recognition on the basis of a hierarchy of phonetic classes", 2469-2472.
Pitrelli, John F. / Zue, Victor W.: "A hierarchical model for phoneme duration in american English", 2324-2327.
Carlson, Rolf / Granström, Björn: "Modelling duration for different text materials", 2328-2332.
Farnetani, Edda: "Acoustic correlates of linguistic boundaries in Italian: a study on duration and fundamental frequency", 2332-2335.
Al-Anani, M.I.: "Durational differences between emphatic and non emphatic syllables", 2336-2339.
Zarkadis, D. J. / Evans, B. G.: "Coding of the LPC spectral parameters using vector predictive quantization", 2340-2343.
Wong, W. T. K. / Boyd, I.: "Optimal quantization performance of LPC parameters for speech coding", 2344-2347.
Hunt, Melvyn J. / Zwierzyriski, Dariusz A. / Can, Raymond C.: "Issues in high quality LPC analysis and synthesis", 2348-2351.
Omologo, Maurizio: "The computation and some spectral considerations on line spectrum pairs (LSP)", 2352-2355.
Liu, T. M. / Hoege, Harald: "Phonetically-based LPC vector quantization of high quality speech", 2356-2359.
Rao, G. V. Ramana / Prakash, M. / Yegnanarayana, B.: "Word boundary hypothesisation in hindi speech", 2360-2363.
Perennou, Guy / Calmes, M. De / Ferrane, I. / Tihoni, J.: "Automated phonotypical transcription through the GEPH phonology expert-system", 2364-2367.
Williams, B. / Thompson, H.: "Modelling phonological processes in continuous speech recognition", 2368-2371.
Cutler, Anne / Butterfield, Sally: "Natural speech cues to word segmentation under difficult listening conditions", 2372-2375.
Lacheret-Dujour, Anne: "Automatic generation of phonological variations", 2376-2379.
Chen, Xixian / Cai, Changnian: "A continuous VQ clustering algorithm for realtime speech recognition", 2380-2383.
Bowles, R. L. / Damper, Robert I.: "Application of the dempster-shafer theory of evidence to improved-accuracy isolated-word recognition", 2384-2388.
Shillcock, R. C.: "Competitor effects in auditory word recognition: implications for interactive-activation models of word recognition", 2388-2391.
Maire, V. Le / Andre-Obrecht, Régine / Jouvet, D.: "An acoustic-phonetic decoder an automatic segmentation algorithm", 2392-2395.
Hamada, Hiroshi / Hirahara, Tatsuya / Imamura, Akihiro / Matsuoka, Tatsuo / Nakatsu, Ryohei: "Auditory-based filter-bank analysis as a front-end processor for speech recognition", 2396-2399.
Komatsu, Akio / Oohira, Eiji / Ichikawa, Akira: "Prosodical sentence structure inference for natural conversational speech understanding", 2400-2403.
Ye, H. / Caraty, M. J. / Boe, Louis-Jean / Tuffelli, D.: "Structural (phonetic) evaluation of dissimilarities functions used in speech recognition", 2404-2407.
Marino, Jose B. / Monte, Enric: "Generation of multiple hypothesis in connected phonetic-unit recognition by a modified one-stage dynamic programming algorithm", 2408-2411.
Castelli, Eric / Perrier, Pascal / Badin, Pierre: "Acoustic considerations upon the low nasal formant based on nasopharyngeal tract transfer function measurements", 2412-2415.
Delattre, C. / Jomaa, M. / Worley, C. / Abry, Christian: "The phasing of the jaw in consonant and vowel lengthening Arabic and French patterns", 2416-2419.
Recasens, Daniel: "Control mechanisms of tongue dorsum activity in speech production", 2420-2423.
El-Halees, Yousef: "A study of subglottal pressure for emphatic and non-emphatic sounds in Arabic", 2424.
Strik, Helmer / Boves, Louis: "The fundamental frequency - subglottal pressure ratio", 2425-2428.
Farnetani, Edda / Hardcastle, William / Marchal, Alain: "Cross-language investigation of lingual coarticulatory processes using EPQ", 2429-2432.
Autesserre, Denis / Nishinuma, Yukihiro / Guaitella, Isabelle: "Breathing, pausing, and speaking in dialogue", 2433-2436.
Autesserre, Denis / Galindo, Benoit / Teston, Bernard / Vigouroux, Nadine: "Movement of the lips and velum in speech: variations in aerodynamic parameters", 2437-2440.
Maeda, Shinji: "Compensatory articulation in speech: analysis of x-ray data with an articulatory model", 2441-2445.
Zerling, Jean-Pierre: "The three degrees of labialisation of the French steady-state vowels a study for 105 speakers", 2445-2448.
Barney, Anna M. / Shadle, Christine H. / Thomas, David W.: "An investigation of air flow through the larynx by computer and mechanical modelling", 2449-2452.
Caldognetto, E. Magno / Vagges, K. / Borghese, N. A. / Ferrigno, G.: "Automatic analysis of lips and jaw kinematics in VCV sequences", 2453-2456.
Ferretti, Marco / Maltese, Giulio / Scarci, Stefano: "Measures of language model and acoustic model information in probabilistic speech recognition", 2473-2476.
Huber, Dieter: "Voice characteristics of female speech and their representation in computer speech synthesis and recognition", 2477-2480.
Schoentgen, Jean: "The spectral dynamics of a non-linear model of the glottal waveform", 2481-2484.
Howard, David M. / Welch, Graham F.: "Visual feedback applied to the learning of conscious pitch control in singing", 2485-2488.
Harmegnies, Bernard / Bruyninckx, Marielle / Llisteri, Joaquim / Poch, Dolors: "Effects of language change on voice quality. an experimental contribution to the study of the catalan-castilian case", 2489-2492.
Nord, Lennart / Hammarberg, Britta: "Analysis of laryngectomee speech - a progress report", 2493-2496.
Trancoso, Isabel M. / Ribeiro, C. M.: "Adaptive and stochastic search procedures in CELP based coders", 2497-2500.
Lee, K. Y. / Evans, B. G.: "Combined optimization of excitation and filter parameters in analysis-by-synthesis coders", 2501-2504.
Masgrau-Gomez, E. / Rodriguez-Fonollosa, J. A. / Moreno-Bilbao, A.: "Including zeros in the backward adaptive predictor of AVPC coders", 2505-2508.
Marques, J. S. / Tribolet, Jose M. / Trancoso, Isabel M. / Almeida, Luis B.: "Pitch prediction with fractional delays in CELP coding", 2509-2512.
Holmes, Wendy J.: "Copy synthesis of female speech using the JSRU parallel formant synthesiser", 2513-2516.
Barbe, S. / Carlson, Rolf / Cosi, Piero / Benedetto, Maria Gabriella Di / Granström, Björn / Vagges, K.: "A rule-based Italian text-to-speech system", 2517-2520.
Shi, Bo: "A Chinese text-to-speech system", 2521-2524.
Olaszy, Gabor: "MULTIVOX - a flexible text-to-speech system for Hungarian, Finnish, German, esperanto, Italian and other languages for IBM-PC", 2525-2528.
Romary, Laurent / Pierrel, Jean-Marie: "Should an oral dialogue system be modular?", 2569-2572.
Bard, Ellen G. / Lowe, A. J. / Altmann, G. T. M.: "The effect of repetition on words in recorded dictations", 2573-2576.
Luzzati, D.: "A dynamic dialog model for human machine communication", 2577-2580.
McQueen, James M.: "The use of lexical knowledge in phonetic categorisation", 2581-2584.
Miles, Christopher / Jones, Dylan M. / Simpson, Annette: "Human factors in speech synthesis: factors affecting friendliness and efficiency", 2585-2588.
Frankish, Clive R.: "Conversations with computers: problems of feedback and error correction", 2589-2592.
Kuijpers, C. Th. L.: "Strategies in developmental dialogue system", 2593-2596.
Hitzenberger, Ludwig / Kritzenberger, Huberta: "Simulation experiments and prototyping of user interfaces in a multimedial environment of an information system", 2597-2600.
Luzzati, D. / Néel, Francoise: "Dialogue behaviour induced by the machine", 2601-2604.
Robert, Jean-Marc / Fiset, Jean-Yves / Bergeron, Gilles: "Impact of five task-related factors on the choice of a vocal or a manual input modality", 2605-2608.
Fohr, Dominique / Carbonell, Noelle / Haton, Jean-Paul: "Phonetic decoding of continuous speech with the APHODEX expert system", 2609-2613.
Altosaar, Toomas / Karjalainen, Matti: "A knowledge-based approach to unlimited vocabulary speech recognition for the Finnish language", 2613-2616.
Martelli, T.: "Modelling speech knowledges in a distributed complex object oriented architecture: REMORA", 2617-2620.
Blomberg, Mats: "Voice source adaptation of synthetic phoneme spectra in speech recognition", 2621-2624.
Meloni, Henri / Betari, A. / Gilles, P.: "A knowledge-based system for speaker-independent recognition of letters", 2625-2628.
Hall, M. C.: "Objective quality evaluation of parallel-formant synthesised speech", 2629-2632.
Benoît, Christian / Erp, A. van / Grice, Martine / Hazan, Valerie / Jekosch, Ute: "Multilingual synthesiser assessment using semantically unpredictable sentences", 2633-2636.
Pickering, J. Brian: "The effects of voice type and quality on the intelligibility of a text-to-speech system", 2637-2639.
Robert, Jean-Marc / Choiniere, Andre / Descout, Raymond: "Subjective evaluation of the naturalness and acceptability of three text-to-speech systems in French", 2640-2643.
Pavlovic, Chaslav V. / Rossi, Mario / Espesser, Robert: "Direct scaling of the performance of text-to-speech synthesis systems", 2644-2647.
Son, Rob J. J. H. van / Pols, Louis C. W.: "Comparing formant movements in fast and normal rate speech", 2665-2668.
Laprie, Yves: "Formant tracking adapted to acoustic-phonetic decoding", 2669-2672.
Lin, Qiguang / Fant, Gunnar: "Vocal-tract area-function parameters from formant frequencies", 2673-2676.
Fink, F. K. / Dalsgaard, Paul: "Estimation of formants in noise corrupted speech using auditory models", 2677-2680.
Grenie, M. / Negro, A.-S. Del: "Acoustic-phonetic analysis of speech produced under noise and various auditory feedback", 2681.
Hawkins, Sarah: "Reconciling trading relations and acoustic invariance", 2682-2685.
McAllister, J. M.: "The processing of stressed syllables in connected speech", 2686-2689.
Nord, Lennart / Kruckenberg, Anita / Fant, Gunnar: "Some timing studies of prose, poetry and music", 2690-2693.
Nishinuma, Yukihiro / Duez, Danielle: "Perceptual optimization of syllable duration in short French sentences", 2694-2697.
Campbell, W. Nick: "Syllable-level duration determination", 2698-2701.
Piroth, Hans Georg / Arnhold, Thomas: "Psychophysiological measurements during tactile speech identification and discrimination tests", 2702-2705.
Summers, Ian R. / Farr, Judith: "Development of a single-channel tactile aid for the profoundly deaf", 2706-2709.
Cottle, M. / Gaunt, C. / Stephens, R. M.: "The use of speech recognition as an aid for speech therapists", 2710-2714.
Öster, Anne-Marie: "Applications and experiences of computer-based speech training", 2714-2717.
Faulkner, Andrew / Fourcin, Adrian J.: "Speech-pattern presentation to the deaf: speech perception and production", 2718-2721.