12th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association

Florence, Italy
August 27-31. 2011

On Noise Tracking for Noise Floor Estimation

Mahdi Triki

Philips Research, The Netherlands

Various speech enhancement techniques (e.g. noise suppression, dereverberation) rely on the knowledge of the statistics of the clean signal and the noise process. In practice, however, these statistics are not explicitly available, and the overall enhancement accuracy critically depends on the estimation quality of the unknown statistics. With this respect, subspace based approaches have shown to allow for reduced estimation delay and perform a good tracking vs. final misadjustment tradeoff [1,2]. For an accurate noise non-stationarity tracking, these schemes have the challenge to estimate the correlation matrix of the observed signal from a limited number of samples. In this paper, we investigate the effect of the covariance estimation artifacts on the noise PSD tracking. We show that the estimation downsides could be alleviated using an appropriate selection scheme.


  1. R. C. Hendriks, J. Jensen and R. Heusdens, “Noise Tracking using DFT Domain Subspace Decompositions,” IEEE Trans. on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, Mar. 2008.
  2. M. Triki and K. Janse, “Minimum Subspace Noise Tracking for Noise Power Spectral Density Estimation,” In Proc of ICASSP, Apr. 2009.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Triki, Mahdi (2011): "On noise tracking for noise floor estimation", In INTERSPEECH-2011, 353-356.